Digital Restoration Of Deteriorated Heritage Structures Using Image Processing, Historical Knowledge And Related AI
Indian art heritage is as rich as most of the established art-based countries like Egypt, Greece, China, Japan, France, Italy, Spain and to name a few. It has a specific manifestation in the field of Indian society, art, religion, and human sentiments. It touches every aspect of human existence and its adaptation is so wider even simple palm leaf and rock wall speaks its merits of beauty, aesthetics and pleasure. Each part of the whole nation expresses the spectromic echoes of art pleasure. It links urban to a rural, layman to a superhuman, poor to rich but not tired of to lubricate the long-passed echoes of Indian artists spirituality, rather has become an integral part of our everyday lives. Indian Traditional Art was remained in the hands of the rural artisans. They used to deal with the indigenous materials, organic and inorganic materials readily available in their locality. Art activities were well linked with our religion, ritual and everyday lives. A group of people accepted art activities as their main profession who were well known as Kalakaras, they accepted the profession from father to the son, mother to the daughter without much variation in form, style, color, pattern, design and the subject matters. They were not only the painters, sculptors and architects but had good depth on literature, texts and allied grammatical resources.
Ajanta cave is situated in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. The Ajanta Caves were declared to be a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. The paintings and sculptures inside were done by Buddhist monks between 2nd century BC and 6th century AD. We have been storing our civilization in arts and Art gives us all the answers we need about those times. With increasing evolution and natural pressures on the iconic Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra, there’s a growing fear that this piece of ancient Indian culture might soon be lost for eternity. With passing time, the paintings in Ajanta is most likely to last for 3 generation only. Archeological survey of India (ASI) has permitted foundation for photography in scant natural daylight.
Various restoration efforts have been made, and a rather unique one has been attempted by photographer Prasad Pawar, who decided to undertake the responsibility of painstakingly photographing the series of paintings, and then ‘digitally’ restoring them. Since last 27 years, foundation has recorded the 2000-year-old paintings, our national treasure, through his cameras, without using flash or halogen light. Until now, foundation has restored 14,000 sq. ft. of Ajanta paintings, but Ajanta is not all about this. Ajanta cave is spread over 2.232 lakhs sq. ft and is beyond manpower and can take century to finish. Here comes the importance of technology (AI) to restore Ajanta in effective time frame. Artificial intelligence is a device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals.
- AI automates repetitive learning and discovery through data.
- Addition of intelligence to existing products
- Adapts through progressive learning algorithms to let the data do the programming
- Analyzes more and deeper data using neural networks that have many hidden layers
- By achieving incredible accuracy through deep neural networks – which was previously impossible
- When algorithms are self-learning, the data itself can become intellectual property.